Hog Island Boa (Boa constrictor imperator) Care Sheet

Hog island boas are only found on a few islands off the coast of Honduras.  It is believed that these boas are extinct in the wild.  Hog island boas are a smaller form of boa and rarely exceed five feet.  Hog island boas are long lived snakes and can live over 20 years.   


Hog island boas should be maintained at 85-90 degrees during the day, with a hot spot under the heat light reaching 95 degrees.  Nighttime temperatures need to range between 75-80 degrees.  Daily misting should be used to maintain humidity between 60-80 %.  Snakes shed in one complete piece, if yours is shedding in pieces the humidity is too low.  Another option to increase humidity is to provide a box with a small entrance, for the snake to enter, filled with damp potting soil and moss.


Baby hog island boas can be kept in 29 gallon or larger terrariums.  Hog island boas grow quickly and we recommend that you provide the largest cage possible.  One can expect an adult hog island boa to need a cage at least 4 feet long by 2 feet wide. 


Our recommendation for bedding is bark or coconut bark, this bedding holds moisture very well and duplicates their natural environment. 


Hog island boas feed on fuzzy or small adult mice as babies and juveniles.  As your snake grows it will soon move up to rats.  We recommend that you feed baby and juvenile hog island boas 1-2 times per week.  Hog island boas can be fed once every 7-10 days to maintain proper body weight.  Like most snakes, hog island boas typically will not eat when they are preparing to shed.  After your snake has shed you can return to your normal feeding regiment.  If your snake doesn’t eat make sure you remove the rodent from the cage.  Rodents can bite snakes when they are hungry and can injure or kill your snake.

Cleaning and Handling

The terrarium should be cleaned as necessary. Any fecal matter should be cleaned out several times a week. The bedding should be completely changed once a month and fresh clean water should be provided at all times.  The inside of the terrarium can be cleaned out with an appropriate reptile cage cleaner.  Hog island boas can be handled on a daily basis and always wash your hands before and after handling them.